Sociocultural transformations in the Iraqi theatrical text (Good bye, General, as an example)


  • Jamal Ghazi Hussein Al Sultani University of Babylon/collge of fine arts/department of dramatic arts
  • Moatmed Majeed Hameed University of Babylon/collge of fine arts/department of dramatic arts


Socio, culture, transformation, theater, text


Sociocultural transformations constitute an important part of the lives of Iraqi playwrights, as they have a clear significance that was evident in most of their writings, as they constitute the largest part of their knowledge stock of political, social, cultural and economic changes and variables that remained engraved in their memory and affected them and what they created from their theatrical texts. The life of the playwright remains with him as a self-recovery that he recalls every moment in order to finally be reflected in what he writes. Thus, most of their writings include those variables, changes and developments that took place in their mother society and in their lived reality. They remain repeated in front of them, like the theatrical scenes that they write, so their pens remain rich in their creative giving under the weight of the occupation and the oppression of the ruling authorities. Injustice, oppression, hunger, deprivation, and expulsion from their homelands, so their memory kept bringing them back always to those successive events on their homeland and their environment through the succession of generations, irritating their feelings, reminding them of every abhorrent event and every difficult moment, so these writers broadcast these transformations through their theatrical texts that they wrote in every historical era, archived Therefore, the event that took place in that time period in several ways, hiding behind their lines and phrases symbols by which they tried to change their reality for the better, hiding behind those symbols. From here, the role of the playwright appears, who tries to breathe new life into these texts, charging them with human, intellectual and emotional values and contents in a dramatic form covered by the template of contemporary intellectually, that is, conveying his ideas and the values they bear on the lived reality. From this standpoint, the researcher sought to study his tagged subject (Sociocultural transformations in the Iraqi theatrical text)The research was divided into four chapters, the first of which concerned the methodological framework, the research problem centered on the following question: What are the sociocultural transformations in the Iraqi theatrical text?While its importance and need for it was evident as it studies the socio-cultural transformations of the Iraqi theatrical text since the year (1968-2020 AD), each period of time shaped its living time at the time and the dramatic treatment of it at the present time, especially in the texts of the Iraqi writer, given that he remained preserving those social, political, economic and religious transformations. In his mind, smashing every barrier of past and present time. As for the goal of the research, it was limited to (knowing the socio-cultural transformations in the Iraqi theatrical text). As for its limits, it included the texts authored (1968-2020 AD) in line with the purposefully selected research sample and the justifications mentioned in the third chapter, while the chapter concluded by defining the main terms mentioned in the title. As for the second chapter, it included the theoretical framework and previous studies, as it was divided into three sections. The theoretical framework reached by the researcher and previous studies.As for the third chapter, it included the research procedures, the research community according to the spatial boundaries specified in the first chapter. As for its samples, it was limited, according to the title, to one play, which is a play (Farewell, General to Qasim Fanjan) as it is the model taken in this research and according to what is indicated in the main title of the research as well as Research tool and methodology.In the fourth chapter, the researcher reached a set of results, conclusions, recommendations, and proposals. Among the most important findings of the researcher are:1. Inspiration of the folklore and the historical legacy through the presence of characters (One Thousand and One Nights) such as (Shaherazade) in more than one theatrical text as a sociocultural transformation in the Iraqi theatrical text.2. The Iraqi theatrical text expresses the loss of the cultural identity of the Iraqi and Arab individual. This is represented by the existence of a sense of (social alienation) represented by a group of dialogues in these texts, i.e. the issue of belonging to the homeland and its Iraqi society, i.e. the loss of its human self, which is one of the important transformations in the Iraqi theatrical text