Nouns in Semitic languages (A comparative semantic study of examples of common utterances in Semitic languages))


  • Mazin Muhammed Husain University of Babylon Babylon Center for Civilizational and Historical Studies


father, mother, hand, tongue,languages,semitic


The research is one of the linguistic researches in the group of Semitic languages, and it is a lexical study of the words and names that have a common meaning within this language group. Whether these dictionaries are Arabic, Aramaic, Syriac, Akkadian and Hebrew, the vocabulary was distributed in the form of tables to be more clear to the reader. Also, the selection of vocabulary in the form of selected models for each semantic field, and not all vocabulary in the one semantic field, due to its abundance and the research’s lack of understanding of it. Our research mission is In finding the convergence elements of these languages in one linguistic group and searching for their common root, we have helped in this by several factors, including the common root of these terms, and the common use of these names in most of the Semitic languages, as well as the similarity of the pronunciation in them, and the unchanged pronunciation of these names since they existed It remained preserved in its pronunciation, use, and meaning. The researcher found himself in front of a number of names with different connotations that preserved their meanings, such as the names of kinship, the names of the members of the human body, the names of months and days, and other names of different significance. And the pronunciation and writing were used for each language separately, with the writing of the pronunciation in Arabic to clarify for the reader and facilitate reading to him for non-specialists. Sometimes we use the Aramaic letter, and sometimes the Syriac or Hebrew letter. The researcher did not use in his research the methodology and division of the research into chapters, because the research is divided according to the tables established by us into semantic titles according to each group of words under study. We thought that these tables shown in the text of the induction should be in this way so that the reader can see the meaning and the way of writing for one word and for the different languages under study. Likewise, for the reader to be aware of the extent of the semantic development of these names and their meanings through the factors of time and from one language to another, and how these languages have preserved the reason for the originality of these words or names of common significance in the group of Semitic languages and through thousands of years until now, the same letter and the same meaning have remained distributed over the languages of this group Linguistic.