Ibrahim Harkat's resources through his book Politics and Society In the prophetic era


  • Salwa Hassan Idan University of Karbala College of Education for Human Sciences
  • Hisham Nadhim Ziad Institute of Intermediate Technical Management/ Baghdad


Narrators ,Seffen , Arbitration, Raising The Qur’an, The Kharijites


Through our study and our knowledge of the subject, we found that the Arab modern historians and others, including the Moroccan historian Ibrahim Harkat, depend on a different method in transmitting his resources in their writings, and this is clear because they are transmitters from primary historical sources. Therefore, we find that most of the resources are divided into two parts, authorized resources and unauthorized resources. And the authorized ones are also divided into two parts: -The first section:They are the narrators, including the interpreters and the hadith scholars (the owners of the hadith), who are considered the first source in transmitting the narration or the origin of the resourceAnd the second section: The Holy Qur’an may be a resource for the author when he returns to the Qur’anic verses during the analysis of the historical novel or criticism of the historical novel, that is, the Qur’anic verse is outside the historical narrative transmitted from historical books or others. The resource may be manuscripts, which are documents written in the author’s handwriting or books as we find them. Professor Ibrahim has movements in writing politics and society in the Prophet’s era, and these books are divided according to specialization, including books of interpretation, hadith, jurisprudence, and general history, including biographies and translations, as well as linguistic and administrative books, and others As we find that the third part of the second section, which is (the books), is the most general among the hadith scholars, as they differed with the ancient historians (authors of the primary historical sources), and here we find that the resource is transmitted either in the text or in the margin, and little of what we find among the hadith scholars in the text as we find it among the ancient historians As for the thing in which I do not find a difference, it is the mention of unauthorized sources, that is, not mentioning the resource in the text or in the margin, just mentioning the historical narrative or the hadith of the Prophet and other information in the book without any mention of the source or narrator from whom the information was taken, and here we find that there is a similarity Among the authors of the sources and references in it