The Subaltern Ideology in Aravind Adiga's WHITE TIGER: A Postcolonial Study
Keywords:Postcolonial Indian Society, marginalization, Eurocentric, Indian, darkness, Subaltern, Spivak, Social Inequality, Minority Culture
knowing the notion of the subaltern, which describes the struggles of minorities in society and culture, is necessary to comprehend postcolonial literature. One of the most fundamental standards for evaluating Indian society and culture is subalternity, and it is one of the most typical experiences a person from the East will have. Subaltern studies are used in this study to define and analyze Indian postcolonialism. Subalterns are marginalised by race, socioeconomic status, gender, sexual orientation, ethnicity, or religion. This symbol stands for non-elite cultural groups, the underclass of an illiterate society, and dependent non-illegal individuals. The beliefs of the wealthy elite influence or shape the thinking of these organisations. The protagonist is as distinct as the white tiger depicted in the title. He demonstrates bravery by fleeing the rooster coop, symbolizing servitude and the underworld. The binary of night and day can effectively represent the opposition between Indians. From postcolonial hybridity and marginalization to postmodern coexistence, the novel's discourse advances. Adiga's use of literary devices shift in today's sociocultural environment and his freedom to do so are assessed. The author has attempted to challenge established power histories and create a neutral ground where elite and underprivileged perspectives can coexist. He has created a space for unity where people from the centre and the margins can interact and learn from one another through postcolonial discourse. Adiga's use of numerous similes simplifies classification. He frequently compares various things to human anatomy, behaviour, etc. He has also drawn parallels between the characters and various natural phenomena. He remarks how similar humans are to animals. He considers women to be as malleable as fruits and vegetables. The White Tiger by Aravind Adiga, which describes the conflict between colonizers and colonized people, and Spivak's subaltern theory will be used to examine the author's opinions and thoughts. The study highlights alienation and otherness through social inequality, subaltern and subaltern concerns. The reasons listed above are only a few of many. The study will make an effort to explain how the nature of the concepts under examination and the present relate, starting with this common premise.