Impact of oil on Algeria's population growth 1966-1977 " Historical study"


  • Osamah Sahib Muneam University of Babylon / College of Basic Education


Population Growth, Rural Migration, Urban Agglomerations, Census, Oil States


One of the facts proven by history is that oil has a clear impact on changing the societies of the oil-producing countries, including the state of Algeria, as oil is considered the main factor in financing economic and industrial development plans and thus bringing about an industrial renaissance, as new industrial and oil cities appeared, as well as changing the function of existing cities, and the residents of those cities can be classified. Cities to the residents of oil port cities and the residents of cities close to the oil fields, which are the most populous growing cities, then the residents of the cities of oil stations that experienced growth due to the passage of oil pipelines through them, and finally the residents of cities that grew thanks to oil, which are cities that prospered as a result of the rise in oil revenues and their positive impact on Those cities, which was reflected in the migration of large numbers of citizens from the countryside to the city to settle and work in industrial and oil projects, which had an impact on the high rate of population growth in the cities, and had a negative impact on the agricultural sector due to the desire of most farmers to migrate, and due to the improvement in the health and living standards rose The birth rate and the death rate decreased, which is evident in the population statistics in the 1977 census compared to the 1966 census statistics, which is the first national census to be conducted. After independence in 1962, the population growth rates in 1977 were clearly higher than they were in 1966, and perhaps this is due to Algeria’s failure to adopt a clear population policy despite several government attempts that failed to draw attention to the seriousness of this social problem that may exacerbate In the future, this is due to the belief of the Algerian president at the time, Houari Boumediene, to the idea that it is economic and industrial development that leaves an impact on population growth, and not the other way around.The rapid and large increase in population was accompanied by the inability of cities to provide all the requirements and needs of the population, especially housing, so the suburbs of cities witnessed the spread of huts, the revival of tin, and marginal gatherings