Effects of the exile of Imam Reza( peace be upon him) To Khurasan
Keywords:Phases of his social life, disagreement between his father’s companions, major temptations, Imam al-Rida’s advice to al-Ma’mun, his morals and humility, pardon when capable, his giving, factors for accepting the position of the mandate of the covenant
Praise be to God, Lord of the Worlds, and prayers and peace be upon the most honorable of creation, our master and sanctuary, Muhammad, the Messenger of God, and upon his good and pure family, and upon his chosen companions.When we study the biography of one of the pure imams and his social, religious, political and economic life, we find that they are closely interrelated with the biography of his pure fathers and grandfathers. It is the biography of an infallible Imam that reveals the behavior of a good example in all its manifestations. He, peace be upon him, was the caliph of his father, his successor, and the ruler of the imamate after him. It was narrated about him what was remained of the Companions, the others of the followers, the leaders of the Muslims and their jurists, that he became, the praise to his family, also he became a science with which proverbs are used and issued as monuments and poems.If we converged between the biography and the career of Imam Hussein bin Ali, peace be upon him, and the path and exile of Imam al-Rida, peace be upon him, from Al-Medina to Khurasan, he would be the same under the rule of the exiled and the excluded after he was persecuted by the Abbasid regime in the city of his grandfather, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him and his family, as the exile was political, religious and social to silence the voice of Imam al-Ridha, peace be upon him, and prevent his followers from reaching him that he bid farewell to all the people of his house and did not take any of them with him to Khurasan.The goal of the imams, peace be upon them, was one: to preserve and spread the true Islamic religion, and with this banishment, the banner of Ahl al-Bayt, peace be upon them, which is the banner of guidance, truth and knowledge, flew over the land of Khurasan and Persia as a whole, using it as a distinct method for spreading the knowledge of the people of the House, peace be upon them. When Imam Musa bin Jaafar, peace be upon him, was poisoned and unjustly martyred in the prisons of Banu al-Abbas, a general atmosphere of oppression took over the countries under the authority of the Abbasids, killing Banu al-Abbas “Alawites” either by drowning them in the Tigris and Euphrates or burying them alive in Baghdad and Kufa.In his biography, peace be upon him, we can see morals, chastity, honesty and courage dominating the movements of the Imam and his actions in society, and the Imam was not only knowledgeable in jurisprudence and religious sciences, but in medicine, languages and all sciences and knowledge, where he established an integrated scientific school of thought, dealt with the Abbasid rule intelligently and wisely, saved his followers and Shiites from the dominance of the Abbasid rule and made rational and correct decisions away from the pursuit of power.