Psychological security and national belonging


  • Mohammad Jabbar Khazem Al-Hadi University College


psychological aphids, belonging, loyalty, psychological needs


Throughout its long history, Iraq has gone through many wars and conflicts, including the Iraqi-Iranian war, the first Gulf war, the second Gulf war, and the years of sectarianism, which were the worst days for the Iraqi people. There are many sources of fear, tension, anxiety and psychological disturbances, which have a negative impact on human growth in all its fields. In order for the individual to overcome these fears and disturbances, there must be a sufficient amount of psychological security so that the person can grow properly in all its different forms. The psychological insecurity of the individual leads to negative effects on him in particular, which in turn negatively affects the society in general, The lack of security makes the individual find it difficult to face life, including its problems and difficulties, as in his responses to the external situation his fears, anxiety and types of conflict overlap, He suffers from it, that the need for psychological security comes at the forefront of the psychological (inorganic) needs and is more important in general. The secure person then seeks to achieve higher needs at the hierarchical level of needs, as defined by Maslow in his famous hierarchy, and that the scourge that Iraq has gone through as a reason for the individual's lack of self-acceptance and as a threat to psychological security, and that the lack of a sense of security makes the individual find it difficult to face life, including it One of the problems and difficulties is that the need for group and belonging is one of the most important basic needs that urgently satisfy and push a person to associate with one or more groups he loves and loves, and finds security, appreciation, reassurance and social status, and satisfies his needs for companionship, and affects the building of his personality and the formation of value, trends and inclinations.