British occupation of Northern Rhodesia and Southern Rhodesia


  • Ahmed Abdulridha Rahman Saleh Babylon Education Directorate


Northern Rhodesia, Southern Rhodesia, Ian Smith, Africa, Britain


The research touched on the British occupation of Northern Rhodesia and Southern Rhodesia. In 1911, the Cecil Rhodes Company called the region Northern Rhodesia. The British government seized it because of the presence of copper, and mining became an important industry. Rhodes worked to annex the lands in Rhodesia to the British Kingdom, so the white settlers Less than the Africans, but they had their representatives in the Legislative Council of the country, while the Africans were not from having representatives in this Council. The company was forcing the farmers to work to serve its interests in extending a railway to the copper mines. There were many African workers, so the working class organized a union Social associations and the union evolved into the Union of Miners, and evolved into the North Rhodesian African National Council, but in return in 1953 Britain established a union between Northern Rhodesia, Southern Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Africans opposed the union because of the dominance of the European minority, and in 1936 Britain announced the dissolution of the union, and in 1964 Northern Rhodesia became the independent state of Zambia. Kenneth Kaunda was elected as its president and was re-elected in several electoral terms to The end of the last election cycle was 1988 and the United National Independence Party remained the political party during the period from 1972 to 1990. As for Southern Rhodesia, when the Mathbeli tribes arrived in the region led by the Musikatze coming from the south, they defeated the Kingdom of Oruzoi and established for themselves the existence of Western Rhodesia, and in 1870 the leader Lubengula managed after a long struggle The authority should succeed his father in the leadership, and in 1888 he signed with the British South African Company the Moffat Agreement, which gave the company the rights to exploit mineral mines in the area subject to the leader of Lubengula. The war against the colonialists, but was defeated in 1893, so Rhodes and the British South Africa Company managed to run Southern Rhodesia, but after the struggle of the Africans, they took control of the government in 1980 and the name of the country was changed to Zimbabwe, then relations between Zambia and Zimbabwe improved.