The role of the German Social Democratic Party in reunification Germans 1959–1961


  • Munam Abdulwahad Ali General Directorate of Babylon Education
  • Ali Hadi Abbas Al-Mahdawi College of Education for Human Sciences / University of Babylon


Social Democratic Party, West Germany, Democratic Germany, major countries, unification of the two Germans


The German Social Democratic Party realized that it is difficult to achieve unity between the two parts of Germany unless the political visions correspond to it and the rest of the German parties. Therefore, it had to achieve this goal, it had to adopt a balanced economic doctrine through which it can confront the economic crises that hit Germany after the Second Scientific War, which is the doctrine of the free market. Thus, Psychological and physical employees working in the industrial field, the establishment of hospitals in rural areas and remote areas, urban planning and urban construction, and stopping environmental destruction, including the newly emerging task of maintaining cleanliness and the ecosystem. Hence, the features began to recognize the need to apply the principles of a free market economy as an approach that West Germany must take to develop its economy. Therefore, the most important goal for the party leaders was to achieve the reunification of Germany. The research was based on an introduction, entrance and three detectives. The first topic was entitled The position of the Social Democratic Party on the signing of the peace treaty between the two Germans in June 1960, while the second topic discussed theGerman parliamentary elections in 1961 and the loss of the Social Democratic Party. The third topic came to highlight the impact of the Berlin crisis on the 1961 parliamentary elections in West Germany