Turkey's Middle East policy and its regional role for the period 1991-2010 In light of contemporary regional and international changes


  • Ahmed Jassim Ibrahim Babylon Center for Civilization and Historical Studies / University of Babylon


the Middle East, the regional role, foreign policy, regional variables, Turkey


In addition, Turkey was able to play a distinguished role in the regional conflicts that erupted in the Middle East, using its ability to balance in order to achieve more gains on the subjective level, without this role affecting its external relations, especially on the parties to the conflict. And in the wake of the failure of the experiment. Socialism in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union, there were changes in the opportunities and movement of the “dynamism” of Turkish politics in the international and regional framework, especially the Middle East, and with the international situation that our contemporary world has become due to the failure of the socialist experiment in the former Soviet Union and in Eastern Europe, as we mentioned above. In light of the international and regional changes and their reflection on the Middle East, especially the subsequent developments and the outcome of the second Gulf War and the developments of the political settlement of the Arab-Israeli conflict at the beginning of the nineties of the last century and the war of occupation of Iraq in 2003, the Turkish policy found itself that it must adapt its foreign policy in a manner consistent with reality International and regional, with the aim of activating its regional role in the Middle East, and thus reshaping its policy towards a number of Regional problems