"Graphic images in the poetry of Osama bin Munqidh"


  • Rawaa Ali
  • Marzieh Abad


Ghazal, Ibn Munqidh, rhetoric, metaphor, the science of metaphor, the science of eloquence


The article discusses the study of visual imagery as a metaphor and simile, branches of rhetoric, in the poetry of Osama bin Munqidh, one of the poets of the sixth century Hijri. The research is important because poetry is a truthful mirror that reflects the image of people's lives from various angles: religious, social, political, cultural, and economic. It bears witness to their lives in its diverse aspects. Ghazal is an artistic form of poetry that revolves around describing and praising the beloved by highlighting their virtues, beauty, charms, expressing longing for them, and lamenting their separation. Ghazal employs numerous metaphors and similes to reflect the images that arise in the poet's heart and soul, affirming the truth of his conscience. Through these metaphors and similes, it expresses love and the feelings and emotions that lovers and beloveds harbor in their hearts for each other, as well as the impact of these emotions and their reflections on the soul through various sentiments.The article addresses the question of the types of visual imagery, metaphor, and simile used by Osama bin Munqidh in his ghazals, highlighting the beauty of expressions through the use of rhetorical devices. The research aims to explore the types of metaphor and simile found in Osama bin Munqidh's poetry, reflecting his poetic legacy through his sincere experiences and his emotional inclination, by examining the rhetorical aspects of figurative language and similes used. The research relied on the descriptive-analytical method to discover evidence of metaphor and simile types in the poet's ghazals