Declarative proverbs and their effectiveness in the Andalusian poetic text... the Almohad and Bani Al-Ahmar eras as a model ( an analytical study)


  • Bashar Khalaf Abboud Al-Hawija
  • Omar Sattar Jabbar Al-Fahdawi


Proverbs of conflict, Andalusian poetry, unified era, era of red brown, analysis of proverbs


This study aims to study the formulas for including proverbs in the Andalusian poetry of the Almohad and Bani al-Ahmar eras, and then include their poems as declarative proverbs. Different classes and groups of society, including some eloquent Arabic proverbs in their poetic texts without introducing, delaying, deleting, adding, breaching the meaning or lacking in it. In this type of Inclusion, the poet focuses on the musical purpose first, and then the moral purpose. Because in this type of inclusion, the poet does not have enough space to manipulate the vocabulary and its meanings, unlike the transformative inclusion, in which the poet is able to introduce, delay, delete, and add, which increases the aesthetic value of the text. Sometimes the poet resorts to the use of the proverb without caring for its meaning, so he enters in an accidental way in order to fit with the meter and rhyme on which the poet built his poetic text. Therefore, our focus and attention focused on tracking the eloquent Arabic proverbs that came within the poetic texts of his poets of the two time periods, who did not lag behind in catching up with the boat of their peers who preceded them. This research concluded that the relationship of these modern poets with the heritage was a close relationship in terms of their communication with it in its various forms and types, taking from it what gives their poetic experience, inspiration, influence, and a manifestation of creativity that shows their ingenuity and intuitiveness in their dealings with this cultural heritage.