Judicial texts ( ditilia ) ( Reading, translating and analyzing two judicial texts from the third dynasty of your)


  • Duaa Hossam Abbas Hilal


Law, case law, sources of law, characteristics of law, courts, judges


These cases are among the most important sources of our knowledge of the law in ancient Iraq . They are also called judgments issued, judicial precedents , or legal formulas. They are the merits of the cases that were presented to the courts and decisions were taken regarding them . Then they were written down on a clay number and kept with the person responsible for that in the court’s panel , so we find in each number A specific subject, the testimony of the witnesses and their names , the date of issuing the judgment , the names of the judges , in addition to the decision issued by the court on the case . The codified laws are an advanced case in the history of human thought and the most important historical facts that distinguished the ancient Iraqis are that they confirmed their adherence to the legal rules , whether they were in the form of the written law or in the form of the legal custom. The codified laws and laws came at a later time to confirm the importance of the agreement and its registration in the legal manner and before the emergence of laws Blog In ancient Iraq , kings played the role of judges in resolving disputes and identifying transgressions on traditions , whose impact on people was like the regimes . The codified laws, which over time have become judicial precedents , have the status of legal rulings and have become one of the foundations on which the codified laws were based .