Ibn Tumart and employing the Mahdist idea in light of Machiavelli’s theory


  • Mohammed Jassim Alwan


Ibn Tumurut - the Mahdist idea - Machiavelli's theory - the Almohads


There is no doubt that philosophy is the best scientific tool There is no doubt that philosophy is the best scientific tool in historical research, as through it it is possible to delve deeply into the history of events and investigate them. Its depths are considered a more effective solution for tracking the movement of history, away from any influences not related to scientific research. This is because philosophy has its own rational approach that enables the researcher to think scientifically and critically, away from stereotypes, and helps him dust off many historical texts. Sometimes, in this way, the researcher comes as close as possible to the nature of historical events and distinguishes their truth from their context. In this topic, the researcher wants to take Machiavelli’s theory as a basis for building scientific research, so he reveals the methods and tricks that Ibn Tumart wanted to attach to his political steps. To give people the impression and perception that he is the Mahdi mentioned in the Prophetic hadiths, and to show the goal of those methods and the hidden deception woven by Ibn Tumart, in which he approaches Machiavelli’s imagination in his theory that the end justifies the means. In light of the above, the problem of the study emerges in the form of the following question: What is the impact of Ibn Tumart in employing the idea of the Mahdi in light of Machiavelli’s theory? The following hypothesis can be put forward for the purpose of testing it, as Ibn Tumart is considered the ideal model that used the idea of the Mahdi as a means to reach power according to Machiavelli’s theory, which indicates that the prince should be prepared to abandon morals if necessary, and adopt a policy of dirty hands, and that there is a real divorce that does not exist. There is a reversal between ethics and politics