Movement according to the philosophers of the Arab East, Al-Farabi, is a model


  • Hana Zayed Abbas


movement - philosophers – Arab - Levant - Al-Farabi


Nature is a first principle by itself, by the movement of what is in it by itself and by its rest by itself, and in general by every change and by itself, and the people who made this limit in it an addition when they said that it is a force valid in bodies, it is just such and such a principle, they overlooked and made a mistake because the limit of the force used in this situation is only a principle of change in The unchangeable, so it is as if they said that nature is a principle of change that is the principle of its change. This is nonsense. It may be said that nature refers to the element, to self-image, ownership, and to movement that is not nature. The name is similar. Doctors use the name nature to refer to mood, to instinctive temperature, to the forms of the organs, to movements, to the vegetative soul, and to movement, which is one of the suffixes. Natural science, the first perfection of what is with power, in terms of what is with power, and if you like, you can say that it is an exit from power to action, not at the same time. As for the movement of the whole, it is the movement of the maximum body on the middle, including all the movements that are on the middle and faster than them. We see that natural science and its implications occupy a major place in Al-Farabi’s doctrine, even if it comes in the lowest rank in his division of sciences, as he considered it a stage to reach the knowledge of first philosophy. For him, natural science has a subject that includes all natures, and its relation to what is beneath it is the relation of the universal sciences to the particular sciences, and that subject is the body as it is moving and at rest, and what is moved in it and from it are the subsequent symptoms insofar as it is as such, not insofar as it is a specific astronomical or elemental body. Thus, Al-Farabi’s study of the principles of natural beings, their causes, and their consequences was intended to apply those general principles that he had arrived at to all beings