Samples of famous women in Andalusia in the field of science


  • Sabreen Bahaa Abdel Reda University Of Anbar / College of Arts / Department of History


Woman; the Waqf ;endowments; Andalus; Civilizational; in the Umayyad Period.


Andalusian women contributed significantly in various forms and types of religious activities to serve the Islamic faith. This included building mosques, disseminating education, and transcribing the Holy Quran, and other religious and scientific books. They also cared for the sick, assisted the impoverished and orphaned, and directed their charitable efforts within their extensive society. Additionally, This work included the wives of caliphs, concubines, female scholars, and others. As a result, a substantial number of women interested in charitable work emerged in the land of Andalusia. This had a noticeable impact on social, cultural, and economic life, and the advancement of society, as well as on serving humanity and contributing to the development of Islamic civilization.

       Women awaqf "endowments" in Al-Andalus and its Civilizational Role during the Eras of the Umayyad Caliphate and Emirate (138-422 AH 756

1031Women endowments in Al-Andalus are an extension of endowments that were dominant in other Muslim countries as they had a positive impact on the Islamic Civilization and supporting Andalusian woman. In Al- Andalus, woman provided scientific services for science and students by granting mosques, Holy Quran copies, schools and mosques librariesThese endowments contributed into the prosperity of civilization, the development of community and the achievement of social quality in all forms. Thus, they worked to satisfy the needs of individuals through endowments. Woman interest in in social endowments was incarnated in taking care of and helping the sick, the poor, orphans and the old. They also played their social role very well in search for Allah's reward and seekingactive social participation.

      Since women's experience in the history of the Waqf deserves to be studied for its richness and importance in the various fields of the Renaissance, and due to the lack of recent historical studies on the role played by women in Andalusia in terms of endowments and scientific andocial participation, we found that we highlight this aspect of this research on" Muslim in Andalusia and its Cultural Impact in the Umayyad Period (138-422).