Naval military confrontations between the United States of America and Japan Pacific Ocean January-March 1943


  • Omar Nafie Nouri Anbar University/University Presidency
  • Mohamed Yahya Ahmed Anbar University/College of Arts


US Navy, Pacific battles, Japanese Navy


The year 1943 is one of the important years in the history of the Second World War, especially on the Pacific front, as the US Navy played a decisive role in resolving the battles, by applying a unique military strategy of its kind represented by the strategy of moving between the islands, besieging the Japanese Navy and preventing it from invading the Pacific Ocean and Southeast Asia, by controlling the islands of strategic importance, and building advanced bases for the US Navy on these islands to manage the Pacific War, the purpose of which was to bypass the islands controlled by the highly fortified Japanese Navy instead of trying to seize each island in sequence, and the reason for this is that these islands The other strategy applied by the US Navy is Operation Wagon Wheel, the purpose of which was to neutralize the important Japanese base at Rabaul, and this operation was directed by the Supreme Allied Commander in the south-west Pacific region General Douglas MacArthur, whose troops advanced along the north-eastern coast of New Guinea to control the corridors of the south-east of the president occupied the neighboring islands Led by Admiral William Halsey, the Allied forces led by the US Navy advanced from the South Pacific region through the Solomon Islands towards Bougainville, to complete the operation of besieging the Japanese islands in preparation for their military invasion and work to get them out of the war, destroy the Japanese Navy and its military power and force them to surrender to ensure the security and integrity of the borders and vital interests of the United States in Southeast Asia and the Pacific.