Religion and politics A reading of the most important factors that reject separation between them according to Islamic thinkers
Keywords:Secularism, Islam, religion, politics, Muslim thinkers
The views of intellectuals differed greatly in their reading of European history, thought, and civilization. The first movement is an educated Christian who believes in Western thought and its ability to extract Arab countries from their reality, provided that they adhere to European thought and development, especially in separating religion from politics because it is the most important issue, and a second movement that studied European thought and tried to reconcile Between him and Islamic thought, he presented his justifications, and a third movement rejected the separation between religion and politics, and presented his vision.
Muslim thinkers dealt with the relationship between religion and politics, and the subject was dealt with some caution and ambiguity so as not to cause a conflict between the Islamic perspective of life as a religion and the world, and politics as a purely worldly matter that people have to deal with. This ambiguity still prevails today, as a large share of the conflict between fundamentalist currents and ruling regimes is due to the concept of politics and governance, and from where does the ruler derive his authority and legitimacy?
The main problem that faced Muslim thinkers since the beginning of the so-called renaissance era, and their awareness of civilizational lag, was to retrieve the lost identity and search for methods to rectify this lag, and achieve the desired breakthrough. Between religion and politics, he presented a vision based on the Islamic experience and its success during the era of the Messenger , and that it is possible to benefit from it to build an Islamic society based on Islamic values and principles without the need for the secular West.
The most important research dealt with the problem of separating religion and politics in Islamic thought, and dealt with the position of Al-Azhar Al-Sharif on the call to separate religion and state, the vision of the Muslim Brotherhood in separating religion from politics, and the position of the Salafist movement rejecting secularism.