The critical moral effects of personal freedom


  • Hossam Rahim Khalaf Al-Sharaa PhD in criminal law Qom University / Iran
  • Ismail Aqababaei Bani faculty member and researcher Institute of Jurisprudence and Law Department of Jurisprudence and Legal Affairs Faculty of Law/Lecturer at Qom University, Iran


personal freedo , bodies , legal person , law , penal responsibility


Since personal freedoms are complex social phenomena because of the overlap in their practice and each individual’s attempt to achieve them for himself, but often with the opinion of others and their religious freedoms, which requires a high level of awareness and a great deal of organization and accuracy in how those freedoms are exercised in a way that clarifies the limits of their practice in a way that achieves for everyone what he wants without prejudice to the freedoms of others and their religious beliefs, so the process of monitoring and analyzing them requires several approaches in order to reach the desired goal, and therefore man alone is no longer subject to penal accountability. Rather, he shared this responsibility with him by another entity independent of him – even if the person is a part of it – which some consider to be hypothetical while others consider it to be a reality. Therefore, freedom makes a person able to criticize the negative habits around him in order to correct them. But if the society in which we live does not have freedom, then society will become like a dark room that does not distinguish between right and wrong. His birth (man is born free).

In view of the expansion of the activities of this moral personality due to the developments produced by the modern era, and its possession of huge capabilities in order to carry out its activities, and the possibility of errors occurring in it in exchange for the benefits it achieves, these activities may be used as a cover to cover up some crimes, unlike the Anglo-Saxon legislation that recognized this responsibility similar to the recognition of his civil responsibility, which in turn was reflected in the position of legislation and the judiciary between establishing it as a general principle, approving it as an exception, or excluding it altogether. And in detail.