The impact of authority on Andalusian literary creativity in the eras of the Taifas and Almoravids Balancing analytical study


  • Bashar Khalaf Abboud
  • Mustafa Ismail Khalifa Muhammad


This study aims to explain the authoritarian influence on Andalusian literary creativity in the eras of the Taifas and the Almoravids, as this period was characterized by the unexpected political circumstances that occurred, which left their mark on the lives of the figures of thought and literature, as tyranny and control over the subjects, and the dominance of absolute rule, emerged. Overthrowing everything that thought accepts, rejecting common sense, caring for and sanctifying the ego, the dominance of personal interest, and lack of awareness and feeling of the general interest of society.

      One finds such influences evident in Andalusian society, especially during the period of my research during the era of the Taifas and the Almoravids, as this period of time in the history of Arabic literature in Andalusia was characterized by political fluctuations and social unrest, in addition to the tribulations and strife that afflicted many writers in the era of the Taifas. It led him to poverty and deprivation and made him homeless, searching for his strength and livelihood. The period during which the Almoravids ruled was characterized by a decline and delay in literature, as many books and writings were lost in the heat of the ongoing conflict at that time, either burned or drowned for political reasons, as they put the finger on those in power and those who caused the loss of security. Thought was scattered, but what cannot be overlooked is that these and other influences contributed greatly to the emergence of the Andalusian personality. Because it expresses the state of the poet, reflects his privacy, and highlights his artistic expression of his feelings, emotions, emotions, and thoughts, especially during the period when the princes of the sects ruled despite the political rivalry, and there was a noticeable cultural and social growth