Phonetic Repetition in the Protests of Imam Reza (peace be upon him)


  • Muhammad Hassan Keitan University of Babylon/College of Islamic Sciences/Department The Language of the Qur’an
  • Ali Hassouni Sharifi University of Babylon/College of Islamic Sciences/Department The Language of the Qur’an
  • Ali obayes Hussein University of Babylon/Babylon Center for Cultural and Historical Studies


Voice Repetition, Imam Reza, peace be upon him, Protests


The research highlights the appearance of sound repetition, which is one of the most prominent sound phenomena that serve pilgrims and protests, and which the speaker uses as a way to express his evidence and proofs directly through literal, verbal, or sentence repetition; For the purpose of influencing the recipient and persuading him, he finds that the speaker is different from the speech of the Hajj, and the repetition is different from it, as it gives indications of caution and other beauty, and its effect is in harmony with the nature of the recipient's mind and soul. Vocal repetition is considered one of the most prominent stylistic and visual techniques that convey the rhetorical event and illustrate its semantic details. It can be said that repetition is important in drawing the rhythm of the verbal event and directing it in the direction that the speaker sees that leads to influencing the listener. The Arabic language has been characterized by the phenomenon of gentle repetition in which there is no affectation or harshness in it. It is tormented by the ears and desired by the souls, so it imprints meanings in the minds. Therefore, we see that the Arabs have mastered phonetic repetition and have made it a method of direct warning in an artistic and literary way that does not offend the ears. Most Arabic texts are not devoid of phonetic repetition or verbal or syntactic repetition. These are all linguistic tools to which one resorts. The creator of the rhetorical text is to show its meanings and connotations by focusing and emphasizing certain formulations, whether they are musical tonality through the selection and arrangement of sounds, or through words by repeating them or repeating specific structures, and all of these come from the point of emphasizing the meanings and connotat. The protests of Imam al-Ridha (peace be upon him) took place in al-Ma’mun’s council and we find that they varied at the level of content, with the diversity of the people and their religious and cultural backgrounds. The phonetic repetition had a role in showing the indications of Imam al-Ridha (peace be upon him) intended in directing the conversational process of argument according to a drawn-out vision and dimensions. Logical obliges the listener to what the speaker wants.