Obstacles to developing the human capabilities of working women A field study of female employees at the University of Babylon


  • Prof. Dr. Dhahir Mohsin Hani Al-Jubouri Babylon Center for Cultural and Historical Studies University of Babylon


obstacles, women, female employees, human capabilities, development


Based on the fact that the human element is one of the most important active elements in social, economic and cultural development, the development of human capabilities comes to achieve that development. Therefore, the aim of the current study is to identify the nature of the role of women and their impact on work, clarify the general goals of human development, and then identify the most important Obstacles that affect the development of women's human capabilities. In order to achieve these goals, the researcher used the social survey approach (the researcher used the comprehensive survey approach for the study population) because it is compatible with the nature of this research. An interview form was also used that included some questions related to the subject of the research, in addition to adopting the mechanism of simple observation and interviews as means of obtaining information. Of female employees. The research population consisted of all the female employees of the Presidency of the University of Babylon, who numbered (399) permanent employees, and (20) female employees were excluded for reasons related to childbirth, maternity, study, or regular vacation, so that the total number of the research sample became (379) female employees. The study reached a set of important results, including: (55.1%) of female employees confirmed that the work climate at the university does not represent a positive work climate, and (56.7%) of female respondents confirmed that the incentive system (material and moral The applicable method encourages the development of the employee’s human capabilities. (56%) of them confirmed that the university administration does not recognize their effort at work.