Iraq's foreign policy towards the Emirates of the Arabian Gulf from November 18, 1963 to July 17, 1968
Keywords:Iraq, foreign policy, the Arab Gulf, the Arab Emirates, Britain
This research aims to explain the Iraqi political role in the first republican era, so that Iraq witnessed a new political system after November 18, 1963. The platform of this political system gave special importance to the issue of the Arabian Gulf, so it provided all support and assistance to the people of those emirates, and opened the doors of Iraqi universities and institutes. To the students of the Arabian Gulf, it expressed its readiness to provide extensive assistance in the economic, cultural and social fields. This Iraqi policy called for joint Arab action in order to stand against colonial plans and called for their liquidation, the removal of foreign bases, and standing up to those that aim to undermine the Arabism of the Arabian Gulf.While Iraqi foreign policy was based on supporting the struggle of the Arab liberation movements militarily by providing weapons and military expertise, and politically by supporting them within the framework of the United Nations and in diplomatic activities in the capitals of foreign countries, united with similar activities of other Arab countries, in addition to supporting them financially as well.The Iraqi policy of the emirates of the Arabian Gulf was represented by broad openness in order to remove British control from them, and to stand against Iranian immigration, as well as to develop the Arab spirit among their children and work to achieve their independence. Iraq was active in working for these aspects at the level of the General Secretariat of the League of Arab States and summit conferences. Arabic, in addition to his role in the United Nations and its affiliated committees, including the Decolonization Committee, and the opening of cultural centers in some of those emirates. Iraqi policy worked to establish the University of Basra to develop Arab culture among the people of the Arabian Gulf.The importance of the historical period under study during the sixties of the last century comes from the status of these emirates and the active role of Iraq in raising this issue at the Arab and international levels. It was also possible in the wave of independence that began with the State of Kuwait in 1961 and Iraq’s demand that Britain withdraw from the rest of the emirates. Arabic...