Methods of dealing with difference of speech Until the end of the fifth century A.H (plural method)


  • Ghasem Bostani Faculty Member of Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
  • Mina Shamkhi Faculty Member of Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
  • Nidal Hanash Al-Saadi Member of the teaching staff at the University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Sattar Jabbar Yassin Mousavi student at Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran


discourse, methods, treatment, difference, plural method


The subject of “various hadith” is one of the topics in which there is a great deal of difference in opinions and consideration between the two teams, due to the large number of reasons and reasons for the difference in the hadith. , and forgery and lying to the Prophet (PBUH), which led to the overlapping of hadiths and mixing of some with others, or the difference of narrators in transmitting the hadith verbally.One of the reasons for choosing such a subject is the desire to learn about the mechanism of dealing with hadiths in which there is disagreement, and how to benefit from them among the scholars of both teams. Also, one of the hypotheses of this research is the mention of the scholars of the two teams when searching for different hadiths, multiple ways to deal with the difference in them, including the Arabic language and the sciences of the Qur’an and what is related to Islamic jurisprudence and the Arabic statement and the study of texts and analytical studies, and this in itself is the commonalities and divergences of the two teams.One of the objectives of this research is to show that among the methods and methods of dealing with various hadiths are patchwork methods, they should not be relied upon to benefit from these controversial hadiths. due to its inability to solve the problem. As well as clarifying the faces of the multiple opinions of Muslim scholars about the various hadiths and their problem until the end of the fifth century AH.The research methodology relied on the descriptive inductive approach on the one hand, and the critical approach on the other hand, for issues, topics and applications, by tracking their perspectives in books, studies, letters, treatises and research, and what was classified in the different hadith section and its reasons for the two teams.And that what is meant by different hadiths is the existence of two acceptable hadiths that are contradictory in the apparent meaning. And that there is no real difference between the hadiths, but the difference is due to the view of the mujtahid. And that there is a difference between the various hadiths and the problem of the hadith, and there are reasons that lead to the existence of differences between hadiths. Imam Ibn Hazm agreed with other scholars in the sentence in the approach of guiding hadiths that appear to differ, and he was unique in the issue of considering the transmitter from the original as one of the methods of knowing the abrogated and the abrogated..