The authoritarian policy of the Umayyads towards the loyalists, a historical study


  • Muhammad Jasab Azouz College of Education/University of Al-Qadisiyah
  • Saad Kazem Al-Janabi College of Education/University of Al-Qadisiyah


tyranny. pro. terrorism. Wally


Islam relied on the principle of equality and affection between all those who said there is no god but God, and did not adopt racial and class distinction in dealing with people, but rather made the principle of Islam the decisive factor, depending on the Almighty’s saying: “Indeed, the most honorable of you in the sight of God is the most pious of you.” So the Messenger (PBUH) began to broadcast Those teachings to his workers and governors over the countries and calls them to be kind to those who converted to Islam from the slaves and their fear of their oppression, but this matter did not last in the days of the Umayyads and when they began to treat the slaves in a very harsh manner, and the class distinction became very clear, and the political approach of the state became the low dealing with the slaves, And they made them a financial source in dealing with the economic crises that the state is going through, and those who converted to Islam were not excluded from that, but the matter became generalized to all the loyalists, whether Muslim or non-Muslim, and the loyalists became suffering from injustice and arbitrariness under the weight of the workers of the Umayyads, especially during the days of the pilgrims, who were taken from the loyalists A tool to solve his financial crises, as well as the loyalists became a low social class in relation to the rest of the classes. Sometimes, as we will see, in the countries of the East and the West, when they dealt with them in a very harsh manner, and the mawali became a persecuted and destitute class during the days of the Umayyad dynasty.