Laws issued in the republican era


  • Wafa Kazem Madi Al Kindi University of Babylon College of Education for Human Sciences
  • Hossam Karim Mazhar Babil Governorate Directorate of Education of the Hashemite


law, republican era, personal status, agrarian reform, the judiciary, the government apparatus


Several studies have been carried out to find out the events that have passed in the modern history of Iraq, and it is obvious that the study of laws will receive a share of this interest, especially since Iraq is going through an unstable phase politically and administratively.Iraq was much restricted by conventions and treaties, which are largely concerned with foreign interests that do not take into account the people of this country, and we do not forget that this sector was semi-disabled, the cause of financial hardship, as well as the lack of competent elements that occupy these positions, so the body covered by this matter decided to enact Laws in an urgent manner or quoting from the laws of other countries, with some minor amendments that may not fit with the customs and traditions of this country.There is no doubt that making laws is one of the serious and grave tasks in the lives of peoples because it is the basis that regulates the progress and development of the state. Legislation is one of the most prominent manifestations in which the extent of the nation’s civility is evident. This study was of great importance to find out the most important laws that were issued in the republican era, and the articles contained in these laws that regulate the civil life of the state. The Ministry proceeded to get rid of the old methods of the royal era, reform the judicial system, and prevent it from following in the footsteps of the judicial organization of other countries. The republican era witnessed a number of new laws, whether for Sharia and personal courts or the beginning, reconciliation and purification of the government apparatus. The research period witnessed an important step in purifying the judicial system and judicial institutions from bad-behavior employees, and the creation of the Legal Codification Office, which is one of the most prominent achievements of the Ministry of Justice, which would audit legal regulations from legal scholars, audit them and circulate them to other ministries and their functioning according to laws to ensure the rights of citizens.