Civil State A study of building requirements


  • Dhahir Muhsin Hani University of Babylon Babylon Center for cultural and Historical Studies
  • Nabil Numan Ismail University of Baghdad College of Arts Department of Sociology


state, civil, freedom, rule of law, separation of powers


The research stems from a basic issue centered around the fact that human thought is a product of the social environment, and therefore it is subject (i.e. human thought) to the historical, political, economic and religious influences to which the members of society who formed this thought are subjected in the context of interaction with that reality, with the issues, problems and challenges it imposes. They have to respond to it. On this basis, the research is based on an attempt to determine the nature of the civil state and the requirements for its construction, and to research the roots and concepts of the civil state in politics, law and society, in an attempt to reach the establishment of a comprehensive concept of the civil state whose human and social disciplines differed in its interpretation and identification of its foundations and requirements for its construction. The civil state is one of the most controversial concepts in our contemporary Arab societies, as a result of the discrepancy in the concept of the civil state and the nature of the ruling political wills that seek to form a concept of that state that is consistent with its aspirations and gives it legitimacy that contributes to meeting the building and job requirements of the state. The research also tried to shed light on the most prominent requirements for building a civil state, such as democracy, the rule of law, and the separation of powers, because these requirements represent the essence of the civil state and without them this state loses its spirit and entity, and the citizen becomes unable to express his freedom in it, and express his his views, and the exercise of his intellectual, cultural, political and religious freedoms and rights, within an institutional framework subject to the law. Here the nature of the civil constitutional state is determined as it is linked to the free citizen, which is expressed through elections and the law that translates the general will of citizens with equal rights and duties