The position of the United States of America on the Ethiopian settlement policy for the period 1985-1987, a historical study


  • Salah Wahib Hanash University of Anbar – College of Arts
  • Mohammed Yahia Ahmed University of Anbar – College of Arts


the United States, resettlement, trade, Congress, Ethiopian, relief


The research aims to shed light on the position of the United States of America on the Ethiopian settlement policy, and the position of the United States of America against this policy has emerged, as the United States of America considered the settlement policy a waste of Ethiopia's limited resources, and that life opportunities in the southern part of Ethiopia were bad. The drought hit Ethiopia completely, but the severity of the drought in the north was greater than in the south, due to the events that were continuing at a single pace, which the Ethiopian government took as a pretext to empty the rebellious Ethiopian north, so the Ethiopian government expedited the transfer of two hundred thousand Ethiopians within the program of this policy, desiring it By transferring more than a million and a half to the south, there was strong opposition from the US administration, after the reports of the US State Department revealed the exacerbation of catastrophic effects as a result of the resettlement program, so I made a decision not to provide aid with regard to this program, because of its negative effects on agriculture and agricultural production , As well as the social aspect of the fragmentation of the fabric that makes up the Ethiopian society, and the resettlement program has increased the severity of the famine that Ethiopia has been suffering from for several years. While reports issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs that condemned the Ethiopian government for implementing the forced settlement policy, and there were calls from the US Agency for International Development, to countries that were providing assistance to Ethiopia in the settlement program to stop the latter, the United States of America also used the media and international bodies to influence the government The Ethiopian government backed down from the resettlement program, in addition to waving congressional legislation, which emphasized the cessation of relief aid to stop the famine and the end of commercial dealings between the two countries.