Ibn Rushd the grandson between voluntariness and compulsion in the era of the Almohads A study in the visions of Dominique Urvoy
Keywords:Urvoy - Almohads - Ibn Rushd - Al-Mihna - Al-Mahdi - Al-Mansour
Contemporary French orientalist Dominique Urvoy (1943) - Professor of Arab Thought and Islamic Philosophy at the French University of Toulouse - attempts to present a biography of Ibn Rushd (520-595 AH/1126-1198 AD) that began from his birth in the time of the Almoravid state (440-539 AH/1040-1148 AD) And his family’s relationship with them up to his youth, which began with the beginnings of the Almohad call and the establishment of the Almohad state (541AH/1121AD-668AH/1269AD). The philosopher and his scientific output, in addition to the societal and religious conditions that affected that personality that was subjected to the catastrophe, which Orpheus tried to put on the research table because it did not get the right to study and detail.The research was divided into three sections about me. The first topic is the biography of Ibn Rushd between two eras, i.e. between the Almoravid state in which his father and grandfather served, and then the Almohad state in which Ibn Rushd held the position of judiciary and participated in the entire political and cultural life until he was exposed to the ordeal, considering the personality of Ibn Rushd a legendary figure that was not taken Her right to research, while the attention of the second topic was about the product of Ibn Rushd, which is related to the Almohad state Urvoy believes that this authority, as an official intellectual, placed in his hands a large and rich amount of documents, and therefore his product came in comparison to other thinkers at the time, as he was known for the multiplicity and diversity of authorship between religion, philosophy, medicine and other natural sciences. The catastrophe that Ibn Rushd was exposed to - that fact that researchers differed in interpretation - by the Caliph Al-Mansour Al-Muwahidi (580-595 AH / 1184-1198 AD), who was angry and for various reasons.