Conditional sentence Its composition and classification between the ancients and the moderns


  • Majid Mohammadi (Responsible Writer) Professor of Arabic Language and Literature, Al-Razi University
  • Hamza Salman Obais Al-Khafaji Researcher preparation of Arabic Language and Literature, Al-Razi University


Conditional sentence - Types of sentences in the grammatical structure - The problem of the conditional term - Conditional tool, its nature and function The linking tools in the answer to the condition


The subject of the condition is one of the most controversial grammatical issues among grammarians, and their controversy is limited to two issues: 1- The conditional sentence is classified, in that it is classified as one of the categories of the Arabic sentence, that is, it solves a separate space by itself, and can it be counted as one sentence, or it consists of two sentences. 2- Terminology of the condition and its multiple concepts. Before classifying the conditional sentence, we must know the difference between speech and sentence. Where a group of grammarians went to the fact that speech and sentence are terms with one meaning, there is no difference between them, and among these grammarians (Ibn Jinni - d. 392 AH) by saying ((As for speech, every word is independent of itself useful for its meaning, and it is what grammarians call the sentences, towards ((Zayd your brother and Muhammad stood)). And in another place ((speech is sentences that are independent of their mortal selves from others)). This research includes the subject of the conditional sentence, its structure and elements, to extract grammatical connotations and anticipate its multiple dimensions. Association in the answer condition. Through this presentation, the idea becomes clear as the question that circulated in the researcher’s imagination, which is the elements of artistic creativity and the semantic and aesthetic characteristics of the conditional sentence, and thus the research hypothesis that the conditional sentence has grammatical connotations and rhetorical formulations that allow the creator an unlimited amount of replacement with expressive forms as manifestations becomes clear. The aesthetic highlights are very deep, taking into account the opinions of the respected specialists. The aim of this research is to clarify and clarify the grammatical and rhetorical pillars of the conditional sentence and to unveil some of its artistic dimensions in the service of Arabic literature and lovers of the language of Dhad.