Normalization procedures between Jordan and the Zionist entity in light of the 1994 peace treaty (An analytical study)


  • Ghusun Karim Mijdhab


normalization, peace treaty, Jordan, Wadi Araba, Israel


Jordan was not one of the first Arab countries to sign peace agreements with the Zionist entity. Egypt preceded it in signing two peace agreements, the first for peace in the Middle East and the second a peace treaty between them at Camp David in 1978. The Palestinians also concluded the Oslo Accords in 1993, and despite However, these peace treaties did not contribute to resolving the Palestinian issue, as this was preceded by secret relations with most Arab countries, as this normalization took an accelerated course in many aspects, including economic, commercial, security, military and cultural aspects. Jordanian-Israeli normalization began through the peace treaty in 1994, which was the agreement in which the war between the two countries ended since the Arab-Israeli war in 1948. This treaty resolved disputes over land and water as well as establishing mutual diplomatic relations between the two parties. Jordan was the second An Arab country after Egypt signs a peace treaty with “Israel” at the southern Araba border crossing on October 26, 1994. The agreement included many issues, including issues of borders, water, security, economy, tourism, and the environment. This treaty also led to an end to the state of hostility between Jordan and “Israel.” The signing of this peace agreement led to Jordan’s exit from this conflict, with some exceptions related to Jordan’s role in Jerusalem and the refugee issue remaining as a pending regional issue between the two parties. The importance of the Jordanian role has increased, especially after Jordan adopted a peaceful solution to the Arab-Israeli conflict as one of the strategic options through signing the aforementioned peace treaty . The goal of this treaty was to find a just and comprehensive peace in the Middle East, and to maintain and strengthen peace on the foundations of freedom, equality, and recognition of living in peace between them within internationally recognized security borders to ensure permanent security for the two states, avoid the threat of force, and develop friendly relations and cooperation between them in accordance with the principles oflawInternational.