The origins and planning of the ancient city of Sanaa through sources and inscriptions from the first century AD until the sixth century AD (Historical archaeological study)


  • Nawal Ahmed Al-Arshi


palace, wall, temple, welcomed by Sanaa, Al-Khamis land


This research includes an introduction, then the emergence and planning of the ancient city of Sana’a, from the first century AD until the sixth century AD, and this will be done as stated in the inscriptions of ancient Yemen, and what was mentioned in historical sources. The research also includes basic axes that had great importance and an important aspect in the emergence and planning of the city. Its casket, in addition to its palace, which is considered the first nucleus of its establishment and planning, its temple and its market, residential buildings, military facilities, and facilities allocated to the king and the army... Then the conclusion, an appendix of inscriptions and figures, a home page, and research references. . The ancient Yemeni man settled the old city of Sanaa in the beginning of its first development and planning it after that with the first nucleus in which the building of the palace was built. He set criteria for him to choose the site for his settlement through two important factors: the first is the climatic factor and the second is the geographical factor. We find his choice of the location of the old city in the center and on a spacious plain. Khasab was an important trading station in the ancient world, both externally and inside Yemen. The first trade route was the frankincense road, which made frankincense the most important commodity in ancient Yemen. The road turns into the Asaad Al-Kamil trail, and the workers were among the most important factors for the fame and wealth of the ancient Yemenis. When we trace the facilities and planning of Sana’a in ancient times, we find it folded under the sand. A new city was built over it in the Islamic era, and nothing remains of it for the researcher except stones transferred from the stones of Ghamdan Palace, which was demolished by order of the Messenger, may God bless him and grant him peace. They were used in building the mosques of the old city, most of which were in the Grand Mosque in Sana’a. They were also used in the facades of houses, and all of these stones date back to the buildings of the pre-era era. Islam