Types of identity in Ali Badr’s novels and their problems


  • Muhammad Nabi Muhammadi
  • Jahangir Amiri
  • Torg Zainivand
  • Qabas Hassan Hamid Hussein Al-Karawi


Ali Badr - Identity and its Problems - Social Method Theory Missing and double identities Immoral identities


The novel is one of the modern literary genres that most depicts human life and reality. It has attained a prominent position in literature as the most appropriate means of expressing social problems. This is by presenting a deep picture of reality, as it delves into the depths of societies, and monitors the happy and painful aspects of life. Anyone who follows Ali Badr’s novels will notice that they address the issues of the reality of society and paint a clear picture of the suffering of the Iraqi individual. It can be said that the novel, with its texts, contributed to highlighting the reality of the Iraqi individual. Identities in Ali Badr’s novels suffered from exclusion, exclusion, and marginalization, especially after the occupation of Iraq by the Americans after 2003 and the subsequent sectarian and ethnic conflicts that led to the tearing apart of Iraqi unity. The study was divided into: three sections, the first studied the authoritarian identity, the second section dealt with the heterosexual dual identity, while the third and final section studied the problems of identity and its cultural transformations. The study of identity and its impact on society is one of the important modern critical studies in understanding social and political conditions. From this standpoint, I decided to study identity and its problem in the novel first, and in Iraqi society second