The general conditions of the Turkmen in Iraq, a historical study in terms of origins and attitudes.


  • Falah Majeed Hasoon Directorate of Education of Babylon
  • Muhannad Abboud Jassim Directorate of Education of Babylon


conditions, Turkmens Iraq historical


The research aims to study the conditions and attitudes of the various ethnic and religious components in Iraq outside the Muslim Arab majority, especially the Turkmen, as Iraq has represented since ancient times a model of peaceful coexistence between its religious, ethnic and sectarian components, as cultures, social customs, and political, educational and even religious participations of ethnic components indigenous to thousands of years ago and other settlements from Turkey, Iran and other countries merged in it The Turkmen minority is one of the ethnic minorities whose importance emerged in more than one field during the stages of Ottoman control over Iraq. It assumed an important political and social position, and the Turkmen minority constituted an important social weight for Iraqi society. This group sought to prove the reality of the Turkmen presence in Iraq as An integral part of the Iraqi population, and their long-standing contribution to all issues related to Iraq socially, politically and culturally, with its distinctive civilizational and cultural heritage.. Most historians have confirmed that the majority of Turkmen in Iraq trace their origin back to the Ottoman Empire after their success under the leadership of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent in making the city of Mosul their main mandate in Iraq, which led to the migration of many Ottoman Turks to northern Iraq and settling in it, followed by the conquest of the city of Kirkuk and the migration of Turks and settlement in it, and this explains that both cities are among the most important presence of the Turkmen element in Iraq at the present time.