The influence of the Arabic maqamah on the Andalusian Hebrew maqamah


  • Balsam Saleh Mahdi


Hebrew Maqama, Arabic Maqama, Al-Hariri, Al-Kharizi


This study sheds light on a literary genre that appeared in the eighth century known as “Maqama”. The Maqama is a literary style of artistic prose that appeared in the Levant at the hands of Badi al-Zaman al-Hamdhani, and Hariri followed suit. The Maqama flourished in various Arab environments, including Andalusia. The shrine became widespread, especially during the time of the Taifa kings in Andalusia. Hariri’s Maqamat is widespread not only in the East, but also in the West, and has become famous and widely spread. The Jews in this period were influenced by the works of Arabic literature, poetry and prose, and did not forget the importance of the Hebrew language by emphasizing that the Hebrew language is a rich language and has a rich vocabulary. Al-Harizi's goal in compiling Maqamat was to prove that  Hebrew  language is capable of everything that the Arabic language  can do doThe roots of the H Andalusian ebrew maqama go back to the ancient Jewish poetic tradition. However, in the era, the Hebrew maqama gained specificity as an independent artistic type, as it was influenced by Arabic melodies and the unique musical composition of Andalusian art. The revival of the Hebrew language, especially the language of the Bible, was Alharizi's most important goal in writing his maqama in Hebrew and in this he says: (I wrote this book to show the power of the holy language of the holy people).

     Indeed, al-Kharizi was what he wanted, he revived his Hebrew language and became the only Jew who was able to write fifty

maqama in Hebrew, similar to the classical Arabic maqama. It is perhaps well known that the Jews did not touch the literary writings until after their contacts with the Arabs and after their admiration for the poetic and prose correspondences, and they envied their Hebrew language, and began to imitate the rhythmic and rhyming Hebrew poetry, and composed Hebrew poetry on the same basis as the Arabic poetry