Significance Controls in Ancient Arabic Criticism Al-Jurjani as a Model
Keywords:semantic controls _ the creator _ the receiver _ the old Arab criticism
The most important thing that pushed me to choose and write this research is the response to the widely spread Western approaches that openly declared the death of the creator. So some of them understood the text through the text itself, such as structuralism, formalism, and the like. Others gave the reader absolute freedom to understand the text without controls that control it, so they understood the text as they desire and like to understand it, not as it should be understood. Others, such as Deconstruction, neglected the creator and the message, and appointed the receiver as a judge, not to prove a meaning, but rather to prove that everything he proves has no reality and does not exist, so the signifier quickly turns into a signified, and so on.
This research tried to prove three principles that can control the significance which the poet intended specifically, and thus the reading is framed and becomes within a framework within which the recipient walks and does not deviate from us, namely:
- a control in the creator.
- a control in the message.
- a control in the receiver.
This leads us to important questions, including:
Is the meaning accomplished in poetic texts?
And how is it accomplished?
Is there a possibility to adjust the reading? Or is the door wide open?
This research will answer these questions, God willing.