The concept of state philosophy among some Western philosophers


  • Star Hussein Mohi Ferdowsi University, Mashhad Faculty of Arts and Humanities
  • Hassan Abdulahi Ferdowsi University, Mashhad/Iran Faculty of Arts and Humanities
  • Kazem Jassim Mansour Al-Azzawi University of Babylon/College of Arts


signs, , prayer, social, deliberative


with incommunicative process between two party the es, as well as studying the social distance between them, in terms of proximity and distance, and indicating the degree of social relationship. concerned with the social relations between speakers It is also interested in studying the degrees of friendliness and endearment that have a great impact in revealing the extent of polite behavior And the emotional behavior between the two parties to produce the discourse in the communicative process, and pragmatics is concerned with studying the language in terms of use. The communicative communication that produces that discourse, as these social relations are influential in explaining the characteristics of the context and its significance in terms of the proximity and distance of the distance, hence

      It expresses the speaker's intent, hence the interlocutors' relationship emerges within and outside the context in which it was mentioned

And outside it, that is, what the recipient knows about the other, and what the two speakers know about the place in terms of the distance and its distance, and what they want to talk about, whether it is from the speaker and the receiver, so this knowledge is shared.

It helps in producing the communicative process in its different degrees, and the sender seeks to find levels of degree this relationship

       The Sahifa Al-Sajjadiyyah is a treasure of moral, educational and social knowledge, as Imam Al-Sajjad resorted to employing these social relations in an educational, ethical, emotional, and devotional manner.

It is based in all its concepts on the Qur’an and the noble Sunnah of the Prophet, and the legacy he inherited from his forefathers And teach them the Qur’an and the Sunnah by employing the indicative elements, which refer to the parents and their importance in education The Qur’an and the Sunnah and the necessity of doing good to them, honoring them and thanking them. Imam Al-Sajjad resorted to employing these social signs (parents, parents, his son, his neighbors, his relatives, his wombs), and here the rank of those relationships is evident, as some of them are in an ascending position, in terms of  The proximity of the distance and its degree between the sender and the addressee, or the speaker and the recipient, as the relationship is evident through the context in which its formal or informal degree was mentioned. The deliberative research classified the social relations between the speakers or the interlocutors into two parts: Formal relations and informal relations.

      Official social relations: These are relations that have their status and degree according to the speakers and the addressees. They are characterized by reverence, glorification, and reverence. They are specific to kings, princes, and presidents, such as: His Majesty the King, Mr.

For those who are older. And informal relations characterized by a relationship of affection and passion between a man, a girlfriend, a woman, and her husband, as well as greetings, and peace, between people. In this research, we try to monitor the social signs mentioned in the supplications of Imam Al-Sajjad, which are specific to parents, or to his parents, neighbors and relatives.