The availability of legal personality in smart robots
Keywords:virtual character, object-oriented character, smart robots, artificial intelligence, electronic character
Linguistically, the word “person” refers to a human being, while a person in legal terminology is one who acquires legal personality. Legal personality means the authority to acquire rights and bear obligations. Everyone who enjoys this authority is still a person from the point of view of the law, regardless of whether he is a human or not. man. Regarding the position of the law, it only recognizes two types of persons: the natural person and the legal person, and there is no third for them. Everything that results under the two types acquires rights and bears obligations, and anything other than that falls outside the scope of the person in the law.
It can be said that there are several considerations that naturally call for recognition of the legal personality of smart robots, such as social ability, necessity, and legal suitability. Social ability means the social interaction that smart robots enjoy and makes them independent, while necessity is the social and legal need for recognition of their legal personality. And the legal suitability allows the legislator to intervene to grant smart robots legal personality, especially since these are considerations that exist on the part of smart robots