Prisons and reform requirements A field study in Babel Central Prison
Keywords:Prison, Reform, Correctional Institutions, Guest, Researcher
The current research aims to clarify the importance enjoyed by the correctional institution, and an attempt to clarify how the requirements of reform contribute to improving the level of performance of the correctional institution, raising the awareness of specialists in correctional institutions of the need to develop the correctional system in Iraq, and to achieve these goals, the researcher prepared a questionnaire that dealt with the subject of the research, and it was It was applied to a sample of employees of the Central Prison of Babylon, who numbered (154) respondents, as they were chosen randomly at a rate of (30%) of the total research community, which numbered (512) respondents, and among the most prominent findings of the research; The majority of the respondents believe that the prison administration applies human rights standards, and (77.3%) of the respondents believe that their institution is committed to these rules during its dealings with the inmate, while (84.4%) of the sample confirmed that the financial allocations do not meet the needs. The increasing number of the correctional institution, and it was found from the results of the research that the correctional institution is in dire need to recruit new elements from the social and psychological researchers as well as the doctor and the legal, in addition to a correctional guard, and professional experts in the workshops of various specializations such as carpentry, blacksmithing, etc., while (57.7%) of the respondents confirmed The sample indicated that there is weakness in the rehabilitation and reform programs within the institution, which is a result of the lack of financial allocations, the increase in the number of inmates, the lack of development courses, and the lack of interest in technical workshops and increasing them with modern equipment and machines, while (84.4%) of the sample confirmed that the financial allocations do not meet the increasing needs of the correctional institution. While (73.4%) of the sample confirmed that the aftercare programs did not succeed in returning the inmate to his normal life, and this was as a result of the inmate ending his relationship with the social worker after leaving the institution, and that this program does not provide financial assistance to help the inmate After leaving the institution, he started building his own project to live with honor and confirm that he would not return to committing crime again.