The poetics of the fairy tale and its role in modeling the characters of the texts in child’s theatre
Keywords:poetics, fairy tale, modeling
In summary, the study tackles the poetic style in the fairy tale which played an important role in building symbolic characters capable of mimicking reality with an unusual fantasy style having a significant impact on the child’s imagination and stimulating him and/ or her to reproduce these fairy characters but in real world via imitation in the explicit behavior of the intended content; hence, the title The poetics of the fairy tale and its role in modeling the characters of the texts in child’s theatre. The paper has four main chapters: Chapter One (The theoretical framework) initiates with the problem of the research centering on the question: what is the poetics in the fairy tale and its role in modeling the characters of the texts in child’s theatre? The paper sheds light on the significance of the research as it studies modeling the characters in the texts of the child’s theatre using the literary approach in comparing (The poetic method) as a stylistic approach with (The fairy tale) in need. This study, of course, benefits the writers and specialists in child’s theater literature in adopting the technical rules to create a dramatic picture that matches the imagination of this important category. The paper aims to identify (The poetics of the fairy tale and its role in modeling the characters of the texts in child’s theatre). The paper limits are: temporally: 2010- 2011, spatially: global, thematically: (The poetics of the fairy tale and its role in modeling the characters of the texts in child’s theatre), in addition to defining terminology and procedural definitions. The second chapter (The theoretical framework) dealt with two topics: the first topic: (The poetics, the concept, and the transfigurations). The second topic tackled (The fairy tale in the writings of child’s literature). This topic included a line in which the researcher tracked (the typical character’s poetics in the texts of the child’s theater). The researcher devoted the third chapter to the research procedures, in which the research community was identified as including (20) twenty theatrical texts. The research sample was chosen by the intentional method, and it was represented by the play text (The tale of the Rooster Sayyah) written by (Hussein Ali Haarif). The researcher adopted the (Descriptive) method in analyzing the sample concluding the paper by mentioning the results that were nominated from the analysis of the research sample, the most important of which are:1.The typical character in the theatrical text mediated both ends of the reality/imagination dichotomy: (The rooster: speaks, sings, disguises, gives advice), and this has led to the absence of a pure match between the deep structure (content or essence) and the superficial structure (form) of the theatrical text.2.The mythical animal character (The Rooster Sayyah) contributed to the consolidation of the so-called break (the gap: the tension distance) and this resulted in the formation of a positive (mental image) in the child’s mind of values that this character carries, reproducible in practical behavior through simulation and imitation.Also, this chapter contains a number of conclusions, a list of resources and an appendix in which the researcher shows the research community.