Moral Courage and its relationship to Academic Excellence among university professors
Keywords:Moral Courage, Academic Excellence, Professors, University
The current research aims to identify the Moral Courage and Academic Excellence of the professors of the University of Babylon, and the statistically significant differences in the Moral Courage and Academic Excellence, according to the following variables: gender (male-female), academic specialization (scientific - human), academic title (teacher) assistant, teacher, assistant professor, professor), the nature of the correlation between Moral Courage and Academic Excellence among, and the extent of the contribution of the variable (academic excellence) to the total change of the variable (Moral Courage). The descriptive relational approach was used, and the researcher built two scales, the first to measure Moral Courage based on Martins' theory, and the second to measure Academic Excellence based on Bandura's theory, and after verifying the psychometric properties of the two scales, they were applied to a sample consisting of (500) male and female teachers from the University of Babylon After processing the data with appropriate statistical means, the results showed the following:1- The professors of the University of Babylon enjoyed (Moral Courage) and (Academic Excellence).2-There are statistically significant differences in moral courage according to the gender variable and in favor of males, meaning that male teachers are more Moral Courage than female teachers, and there are no statistically significant differences in Moral Courage according to the academic specialization variable, and there are statistically significant differences in courage Ethical according to the scientific title variable and in favor of professors who hold the title of professor.3- There are no statistically significant differences in Academic Excellence according to the variable of gender, academic specialization and scientific title.4- There is a positive direct correlation between Moral Courage and Academic Excellence among professors at the University of Babylon.5- The variable of Academic Excellence contributes relatively statistically in predicting the variable of Moral Courage. In light of the results of the current research, a set of recommendations and proposals were put forward.