Publication ethics and research misconduct

Publication Ethics and Research Misconduct:

Research submissions must adhere to the human rights laws issued by the United Nations.

The research should not be published or accepted for publication elsewhere and should not be under consideration for evaluation elsewhere.

Academic integrity must be maintained in citing sources and previous research, giving proper credit to the original authors.

Submitted research should align with the societal needs in the field of human knowledge.

Avoiding personal attacks in criticism is essential; constructive and well-founded criticism is encouraged.

The research should not include offensive ideas based on personal, religious, ethnic, sectarian, or political motivations.

Professional and scientific handling of conflicting opinions and ideas is expected, without resorting to mockery or defamation.

Researchers should separate their personal relationships and emotional biases from their work, adhering to professional and scientific standards.

Researchers should not succumb to external pressures to tailor their research for personal gains or the interests of external entities.

Openness to the opinions of peers and accepting constructive criticism for improving the research and addressing errors is crucial.

If an error is discovered after publication, the researcher should collaborate with the editorial board to rectify it appropriately (republication with correction, retraction, or apology), depending on the circumstances.

Any form of research misconduct, such as duplicate submission, submission to another venue during the review process, or plagiarism (presenting others' work as one's own) discovered at any stage will lead to immediate rejection or withdrawal of the published material, and fees will not be refunded.

Conflict of Interest:

The editorial board commits not to benefit from any papers not officially approved for publication or still under review without explicit consent from the researcher.

If the research is funded by a specific entity, the researcher must disclose the funding source to avoid sending the paper for review to individuals affiliated with that entity.

If a reviewer feels uncomfortable evaluating a particular research paper, they should refrain from reviewing it and provide reasons to the editorial board.


To maintain high-quality publishing standards, the Journal of Babylon Center for Human Studies has strict policies regarding publication ethics. All manuscripts are screened for scientific theft, impersonation, or substantial similarity in content by reviewers using appropriate tools, including the researcher's academic databases (Google Scholar) and other databases, according to the scientific judgment of the reviewer.